M. M. Barna, L. S. Barna. N. M. Drobyk, S. V. Pyda
Ternopil Volodymyr Hnatiuk National Pedagogical University, Ukraine
ALL-UKRAINIAN SCIENCE CONFERENCE “TERNOPIL BIOLOGICAL READINGS - TERNOPIL BIOSCIENCE- 2018”, DEDICATED TO THE 20TH ANNIVERSARY SINCE THE ESTABLISHMENT OF HOLYTSKYI PRESERVE OF UNIVERSITY
An in-depth analysis of research findings by scientists of NAS of Ukraine, research institutions of NAAS of Ukraine, NAPS of Ukraine, NAMS of Ukraine, university professors, indicates that the given reports cover the key issues of evolution, phylogeny and systematics of particular taxonomic items of plant and animal kingdoms. Moreover, these research studies deal with crucial issues of modern biology and medicine, stem cells in particular; highlight pressing problems of physiology and biochemistry of living organisms and molecular and genetic aspects of their adaptation to adverse conditions of natural and man-made environment; examine the ecology of the area (ecosystem of the reservoir “Ternopil Pond”: ecological balance and ways to enhance it), of nature reserve fund of Ukraine (extreme climate events in “Medobory” nature reserve), biotechnologies (in vitro cultivation of some species of Carlina L. genus), genetic and cell engineering, hydrobiology (interspecies relations of invasive and indigenous fish species in small rivers of urban areas), ecotoxicology, hydrochemistry, soil study, agrochemistry, agriculture (quality and fertility of soils in Ternopil region as part of ecologically clean production). Furthermore, the research findings reveal the peculiarities of the formation of a pigment complex of chlorella influenced by trivalent chromium and quadrivalent selenium, the accumulation of heavy metals in the seeds of some crops cultivated under the soil-climatic conditions of the Western Podillia. The reports concerned with teaching highlight the vital issues of training and upskilling of science teachers to fit in modern schools, emphasizing the need for high school students to engage in research studies to contribute to the development of biology and ecology. At the same time, the presented reports suggest ways to increase the yield of cultivated plants and improve their quality, reduce the human impact on natural ecosystems, detoxification and excretion of xenobiotics from animal organisms. The resolution adopted by the conference participants calls for the growing need for the research institutions and higher education institutions of Ukraine to continue the research in various fields of biological, medical and agricultural sciences to promote biodiversity, improve the lives of living organisms, including humans, and to preserve nature-friendly environment.
Keywords:Holytskyi botany and entomology preserve of Ternopil National Pedagogical University, hydrobiology, ecotoxicology, soil study, agrochemistry, preservation of biodiversity, man-made environment, crucial issues of ecology, pigment complex of chlorella, invasive and indigenous fish species