S. V. Pyda, M. M. Barna, L. S. Barna
Ternopil Volodymyr Hnatiuk National Pedagogical University, Ukraine
V.YE. SHYMANSKA, OUTSTANDING BOTANIST, PLANT TAXONOMIST, MEDICINAL PLANT AND PHYTOSOZOLOGY EXPERT (DEDICATED TO 95TH BIRTHDAY)
The name of Valentyna Yemelianivna Shymanska holds a prominent place among botanical scientists of Ukraine, who by their fruitful scientific activities made a significant contribution to the development of botanical science and to the organization of the pedagogical process of the higher school of Ukraine. V.Ye. Shymanska is an outstanding Ukrainian botanist, plant taxonomist, florist and medicinal plant expert, Ph.D., Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Botany at Kremenets Pedagogical Institute (1967-1969) and the Ternopil State Pedagogical Institute (1969-1977 and 1981-1988). Valentyna Yemelianivna Shymanska was born on September 10, 1923 in the town of Dubno, Rivne region, in the family of workers. In 1930 she started a 7-grade school in Dubno, and left it in 1937. In 1939, Valentyna Yemelianivna continued her studies in number 2 school of Dubno and left it in 1941. During World War II, her schooling was interrupted and she got a job as a maintenance worker at the Dubno railway station. In1946, Valentyna Yemelianivna entered Dubno Pedagogical School. She got a part-time job as an accountant at the pedagogical school and attended evening classes at the secondary school for the working youth. From 1948 to 1953 she studied at the Faculty of Biology of Ivan Franko Lviv State University. After graduating from the university on August 26, 1953 to 1969 she worked as an assistant, senior teacher, associate professor and head of the Department of Botany at Kremenets State Pedagogical Institute. Over this period she carried out research studies on the resources of medicinal plants in the north-western regions of Ukraine. Her in-depth research of the resources of medicinal plants allowed Valentyna Yemelianivna to obtain and analyze a large amount of factual data serving the basis for the thesis on the topic: “Medicinal plants of conventional medicine in the northwestern regions of the Ukrainian SSR” which she defended in Lviv University on September 7, 1966. On November 29, 1967, a degree and the diploma of candidate of biological sciences were conferred on her by the Higher Attestation Commission of the Ministry of Higher and Secondary Education of the USSR and on September 11, 1968, Valentyna Yemelianivna was awarded the academic title of associate professor in the Department of Botany. A significant amount of her research studies cover issues of the protection and reasonable use of medicinal resources. V. Ye. Shymanska authored and coauthored over 100 scientific papers. At the Department of Botany of Ternopil State Pedagogical Institute, she launched the project of an herbarium, which today contains more than 30,000 herbarium sheets of plants of the Carpathians, Polissia and other Ukrainian regions. Finally, V. Ye. Shymanska may be credited with paving the way for future generations of scientists and responsible citizens of Ukraine. Her memory will live on with her colleagues, disciples and friends.