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ЗАХОДИ ЩОДО ЗБЕРЕЖЕННЯ ВИДІВ РОДИНИ ORCHIDACEAE В УРОЧИЩІ БАРАБАН НАЦІОНАЛЬНОГО ПРИРОДНОГО ПАРКУ «КРЕМЕНЕЦЬКІ ГОРИ»

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I. Bobrуk, L. Onuk, A. Shtogun

Kremenets Botanical Garden, Ukraine, National Natural Park "Kremenets Mountains", Ukraine

MEASURES FOR CONSERVATION OF SPECIES OF THE FAMILY ORCHIDACEAE IN THE NATURAL BOUNDARY BARABAN OF THE NATIONAL NATURE PARK "THE KREMENETS MOUNTAINS"

The work is based on materials from field studies conducted during 2012-2018. On the territory of the national nature park "Kremenets Mountains". In the in the natural boundary Baraban, nine species of orchids are found, coteries are of considerable interest to the Park and scientists. Characteristics of the distribution of plants from the Orchidaceae family in the territory of the national park "Kremenets Mountains" are characterized. The influence of natural conditions is described, factors that contribute to a decrease in the number of populations of species of the genus are identified. Recommendations for active protection and conservation measures for individual species have been developed. It has been established that for the overwhelming majority of them the main threat is the anthropogenic factors causing various changes in the structure of biotopes, solid felling of the forest and, especially, the replacement of natural stands of softwood coniferous species, the excavation of plants for their transplantation, without complying with relevant requirements, the collection of ornamental flowers on bouquets, overgrowing of sites by invasive species.

Keywords: national nature park "Kremenets mountains", Orchids, populations, trial area, repatriation

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