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ГОЛИЦЬКИЙ БОТАНІЧНИЙ ЗАКАЗНИК: СИСТЕМАТИЧНИЙ, ЕКОЛОГО–ЦЕНОТИЧНИЙ АНАЛІЗ ФЛОРИ ТА ПЕРСПЕКТИВИ РОЗВИТКУ

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Р. Л. Яворивский, Т. И. Згурская, М. Т. Гратковская

Тернопольский национальный педагогический университет имени Владимира Гнатюка, ГПТУЗ «Яготинский центр профессионально технического образования»

ГОЛИЦКИЙ БОТАНИЧЕСКИЙ ЗАКАЗНИК: СИСТЕМАТИЧЕСКИЙ, ЭКОЛОГО–ЦЕНОТИЧЕСКИЙ АНАЛИЗ ФЛОРЫ И ПЕРСПЕКТИВЫ РАЗВИТИЯ

В статье приведены результаты анализа систематической и эколого-ценотической структур флоры Голицкого ботанического заказника. Установлено, что на его территории произростают 337 видов высших сосудистых растений, которые принадлежат к 4 отделам, 5 классам, 68 семействам и 233 родам, проанализированы основные флористические пропорции, ведущие семейства и роды. Выделены 8 флороценотипов и охарактеризированы ценоэлементы, которые выступают эдификаторами выделенных типов растительных сообществ. Коротко проанализирована раритетная фракция флоры заказника и перспективы его дальнейшего развития.

Ключевые слова: флора, Голицкий ботанический заказник, ведущие семейства и роды, флороценотип, ценоэлемент

 

R. L. Yavorivsky, T. I. Zgurska, M. T. Gratkovska

Ternopil Volodymyr Hnatiuk National Pedagogical University, Ukraine, Yagotin Center of professionally technical education , Ukraine

GOLITSKY BOTANIC RESERVE: SYSTEMATIC, ENVIRONMENTAL AND PRECONDITIC ANALYSIS OF FLORA AND DEVELOPMENT PROSPECTS

Golitsky Botanical Reserve of national importance is located between the villages of Kuryan and Demnia in the southern part of the Berezhany district of the Ternopil region. This is mainly a meadow-steppe area of 60 hectares, which is timed to the southern and southwestern slopes of Golitsa Mount. The research was conducted during 1996–2017. The aim of the research was to determine the species composition of higher vascular plants growing in the territory of the reserve and conducting its systematic and ecological-cenochnical analyzes. According to the results of route-expedition and geo-botanical research of various types of phytocoenoses, it was established or confirmed that 337 species of higher vascular plants belonging to 4 divisions, 5 classes, 68 families and 233 genera grow within its boundaries. Up to 10 leading families of the reserve flora belong: 1) Asteraceae – 44 species; 2) Fabaceae – 32; 3) Rosaceae – 26; 4) Lamiaceae – 25; 5) Poaceae – 19; 6) Ranunculaceae – 17; 7) Apiaceae – 16; 8) Scrophulariaceae – 12; 9) Orchidaceae – 10; 10) Caryophyllaceae – 9 species. The leading families have 210 species or 62,31% of the total number (for Volyn-Podillya – 55,42%, in the flora of Ukraine – 53,8%), while other 58 families are represented by only 127 species (37,69%), ie the majority these families are represented by 1–3 species. The 20 leading genera in the structure of the flora of the Golitsky Botanical Gardens are distributed as follows: 1) Trifolium L.– 7 species; 2–5) Equisetum L., Euphorbia L., Potentilla L. та Campanula L. – for 5 species; 6–11) Anemone L., Rosa L., Galium L., Stachys L., Salvia L., Centaurea L. – for 4 species; 12–20) Ranunculus L., Viola L., Medicago L., Geranium L., Peucedanum L., Veronica L., Plantago L., Carlina L. та Festuca L. – in 3 species. Cumulative polymorphic genera are 78 species, representing 23,14% of the total number of species of the study area. Using the classification scheme of florencotypes of temperate flora, there are 8 florentocytes on the territory of the reserve: 1) meadow (Mesopojon holarcticum) – 161 species; 2) immoral or blackberry (Therodrymion nemorale) – 86; 3) steppe (Xeropojon eurosibiricum) – 24; 4) synanthropic (Synantropophyton) – 16; 5) shrub (Xerothamion stepposum) – 14; 6) sandy or psammophyllous (Psammophyton) – 13; 7) stone or petrophyllum (Petrophyton) – 12; 8) wetlands (Hydrophyton-Paludophyton) – 11 species. The unique flora of the Golitsky Botanical Reserve is determined by its red-book, rare and endemic species. Of the 337 species identified, 25 (7,4%) were included in the «Red Data Book of Ukraine. Flora» (2009)» belonging to 10 families: 11 species of the Orchidaceae family, 3 from the families Asteraceae and Ranunculaceae, 2 species of the Fabaceae family and 1 species from such families as Poaceae, Liliaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Thymelaeaceae, Rosaceae and Rutaceae. The Golitsky natural nucleus requires additional protected areas for the proper biotic and landscape representation of the Berezhansky mountain range. The Golytsia has all the prerequisites to be one of the most unique biological centers in the system of natural nuclei of promising regional and national ecological networks./p>

Keywords: flora, Golitsky botanic reserve, lead families and genera, florocenotype, cenoelement

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