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ОСОБЛИВОСТІ ОБРОБКИ СЕНСОРНОЇ ІНФОРМАЦІЇ ТА ВПЛИВ ПОГОДНИХ УМОВ НА РЕАКТИВНІСТЬ ОСІБ ЮНАЦЬКОГО ВІКУ

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Е. С. Волошин

Тернопольский национальный педагогический университет имени Владимира Гнатюка

ОСОБЕННОСТИ ОБРАБОТКИ СЕНСОРНОЙ ИНФОРМАЦИИ И ВЛИЯНИЕ ПОГОДНЫХ УСЛОВИЙ НА РЕАКТИВНОСТЬ ЛИЦ ЮНОШЕСКОГО ВОЗРАСТА

В работе проведено исследование объема оперативной зрительной памяти, устойчивости и распределения внимания, динамики работоспособности, эффективности слуховой сенсомоторной реакции, оценки временных интервалов, а также влияния погодных условий на реакции обследуемых. Установлено, что большинство лиц имеют высокие и средние значения показателей качества обработки зрительной и слуховой информации. Уровень метеозависимости незначительный, о чем свидетельствуют высокие показатели степени воли в условиях 3-го типа погоды.

Ключевые слова: обработка зрительной информации, обработка слуховой информации, юношеский возраст, сенсорные системы, погодные условия

 

O. S. Voloshyn

Ternopil Volodymyr Hnatiuk National Pedagogical University, Ukraine

THE FEATURES OF PROCESSING OF SENSORY INFORMATION AND THE INFLUENCE OF WEATHER CONDITIONS ON THE REACTIVITY OF PERSONS ADOLESCENCE

Sensor systems directly provide processing of information flows. That is why it is important to analyze the physiology of the visual and auditory sensory systems and to study their adaptive capabilities in adolescents. The obtained knowledge can be used to prevent visual and auditory dysfunctions and optimize the learning process. The efficiency of the brain's processing of information depends significantly on the level of metabolism of nerve cells and the functional state of the body as a whole. These parameters are influenced by environmental conditions and weather conditions. In the course of the work, sixty-two practically healthy young men were examined. The main indicators of information processing are the volume and speed. In the work we have studied the volume of operative visual memory, stability and distribution of attention, dynamics of working ability, the effectiveness of the auditory sensory-motor reactions, evaluation of time intervals, the impact of weather conditions on the reactions of the subjects. Analyzed Schulte tables to study the dynamics of efficiency, the volume and distribution of attention, the determination of the speed of search glances movements. We also studied the efficiency of processing auditory information, the degree of freedom, and also the dependence of these indicators on weather conditions. The study used complex diagnostic computer programs "Physiologist", "Volya-1", "Measurement of a simple auditory motor reaction" Reaction-Test " It was found that the majority of people have a high and average values of processing parameters of quality of visual and auditory information. High scores of the will level at a third type of weather testify about the low level of meteo sensitivity. In terms of the volume of operative visual memory, the speed of processing and the quality of the reproduction of visual information is high in 30.77% of people. In estimating time for persons of adolescence, there is a tendency to shorten the time interval. This can be regarded as a high plasticity of excitation. At the analyzing Schulte tables, the average level of processing efficiency of visual information dominates. A high level of volume, distribution of attention and speed of orienting-searching eye movements was noted in 47.62% of people. Processing of sound information in the surveyed has a sufficient level, the best indicators were observed in conditions of the first type of weather.

Keywords: processing of visual information, processing of auditory information, adolescence, sensor systems, weather conditions

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